Tony Judt (January 2, 1948 to August 6, 2010) has been quoted as saying that in his native England his views led to the label of Fascist, but when he was in the U.S, where he taught most of his career, he was called a Marxist. Judt was a leading historian of ideas, especially modern French intellectual history. His explication of Sartre's moral fluidity is an example of his analysis. The author of Past imperfect: French intellectuals, 1944-1956, (1992) describes the heirs of "Lacan, Foucault, Derrida, Barthes, Lyotard, Bourdieu, Boudrillard" in this way:
In the United States... the second generation of postwar Parisian intellectuals remains an admired and much imitated group...Deconstruction, postmodernity, poststructuralism thrive [everywhere]...except Paris. With this difference: for good or ill, French intellectuals mattered in their own culture, and in the international culture of which it was the center. By contrast their admirers and imitators in English-speaking universities matter not at all...For them a Foucault reading group...simulates membership in an intellectual community of which they were never a part...[Their roots in a vanished French vitality have left just] a postmodern Cheshire Cat with a Ph.D...
Judt's “The Burden of Responsibility: Blum, Camus, Aron and the French Twentieth Century” (1998) continues Judt's analysis of modern intellectual history. These are just two of several books
he wrote defining the modern world.